The historical account of epidemic typhus: (Essay Example.
Typhus fever (TF), otherwise known as epidemic typhus, red louse fever, jail fever, or sylvatic typhus, is caused by the obligate intracellular, gram-negative coccobacillus Rickettsia prowazekii. 1 Like other Rickettsia spp., R. prowazekii is passed to humans from arthropod ectoparasites; the primary vector in the case of TF is the human body louse (Pediculus humanus corporis).
Typhus is sometimes generally labeled as flea-borne typhus, tick-borne typhus, or louse-borne typhus, depending on the vector that transmits the bacteria. They are difficult to cultivate because they usually only grow within cells they infect. Occasionally, the bacteria may become dormant in infected cells, and years later, again begin to multiply (causing Brill-Zinsser disease). Generally.
Typhus can also be diagnosed, usually late or after the disease has been treated with antibiotics, when significant titers of anti-rickettsial antibodies are detected by immunological techniques. Although some state labs may do these tests, the CDC should be contacted for testing questions and be given information if there is an outbreak of epidemic typhus. These tests help distinguish between.
Cholera, Typhoid and Typhus Cholera. The cholera germ enters the body via the mouth, usually in contaminated water or food, and sets up an infection in the small intestine. The incubation period is short, never longer than five days and sometimes less than one. The disease usually developed in three relatively well-defined stages; the stage of evacuation, the stage of collapse and the stage of.
Epidemic typhus influenced the outcome of European wars from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, and newly emergent species, such as Rickettsia africae, Rickettsia japonica, Rickettsia honei, and Rickettsia slovaca, are associated with human disease (Raoult and Roux, 1997). Rickettsial diseases are widely distributed throughout the world, with human disease being described on every.
Typhus, the Herald of Nurgle, Host of the Destroyer Hive. Typhus, also known as Typhus the Traveller, originally the Space Marine named Calas Typhon of the world of Barbarus, is the Herald of Nurgle, the Lord of the Death Guard Traitor Legion's 1st Plague Company, and the host of the terrible plague known as the Destroyer Hive. He is a Champion of Chaos and the former First Captain of the.
Typhus fever (Epidemic louse-borne typhus) Cause. Rickettsia prowazekii. Transmission. The disease is transmitted by the human body louse, which becomes infected by feeding on the blood of patients with acute typhus fever. Infected lice excrete rickettsia onto the skin while feeding on a second host, who becomes infected by rubbing louse faecal matter or crushed lice into the bite wound. There.